Trafficking in Persons Report 2010
Yesterday I read some of the 400 page Trafficking in Persons Report 2010. This report has been released every year for the last 10 yeas, by the united nations. It goes into extensive detail about what is being done and what needs to be done to further combat human trafficking.
I have pasted a few excerpts from the report below.
It really brings home why we do what we do as a part of Midnight outreach through the Rescue and Restore Coalition and working with Homeless and At-risk Youth. Both programs are funded by federal grants. This report suggest even more grants, it recognizes outreach as a critical part of reaching trafficking victims and it also emphasises the need for law enforcement to treat children as victims, not criminals, in cases of Prostitution.
Trafficking occurs primarily for labor and most commonly in domestic servitude, agriculture, manufacturing, janitorial services, hotel services, construction, health and elder care, hair and nail salons, and strip club dancing.
More U.S. citizens, both adult and children, are found in sex trafficking than labor trafficking; U.S. citizen child victims are often runaway and homeless youth.
The TVPA mandates that victims not be inappropriately incarcerated, fined, or otherwise penalized for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being trafficked. The prostitution of children has traditionally been handled as a vice crime or a juvenile justice issue and the anti- trafficking approach of the TVPA has been slow to fully permeate the state child protection and juvenile justice systems. In 2008, the most recent year for which data is available, 206 males and 643 females under 18 years of age were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation as having been arrested for prostitution and commercialized vice. Some states created diversion programs so that children found in prostitution could receive shelter and services as opposed to convictions and jail; other states considered “safe haven” laws that would effectively decriminalize children found in prostitution..
The U.S. government has formal procedures to guide officials in victim identification and referrals to victim services provided by NGOs. The U.S. government also funds an NGO-operated national hotline and referral service. There continued to be uneven knowledge among law enforcement authorities about human trafficking, including how to identify victims and how to access victim assistance. NGOs reported several instances of the detention of victims and potential victims, including children arrested for prostitution...
..However, government services for trafficked U.S. citizen children were not well coordinated; they were dispersed through existing child protection and juvenile justice structures... Victim identification, given the amount of resources put into the effort, is considered to be low and law enforcement officials are sometimes untrained or unwilling to undertake victim protection measures.
..increase U.S. government efforts to identify and assist U.S. citizen victims; improve the efficiency of victim services grant-making structures that include comprehensive case management, community collaboration, training and outreach; increase funding for victim services.
HUMAN TRAFFICKING BY THE NUMBERS
Adults and children in forced labor, bonded labor, and forced prostitution around the world: 12.3 million
Successful trafficking prosecutions in 2009: 4,166
Victims identified: 49,105
Prevalence of trafficking victims in the world: 1.8 per 1,000 inhabitants