Today is World AIDS Day
HIV is a virus that infects cells of the immune system.
Without treatment, HIV is fatal. However WITH treatement people are living almost as long as those without the disease.
On average, people with HIV need to take medications twice daily. They also need to have lab work and see a specialist quarterly.
HIV is spread through sex, drug needles and birth.
HIV is blood borne, not air borne. HIV cannot be spread by saliva, tears, sweat, urine, or feces.
HIV is not spread through casual, household contact.
As of 2009 there were over 1 million people with HIV in America.
Children with HIV are perfectly safe to be around, hug, kiss, and share food and bathrooms with. For this reason, generally people with HIV are not required by law to tell ANYONE about their condition, including schools and even dentists.
Global HIV/AIDS estimates, end of 2008
|People living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||33.4 million|
|Adults living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||31.3 million|
|Women living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||15.7 million|
|Children living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||2.1 million|
|People newly infected with HIV in 2008||2.7 million|
|Children newly infected with HIV in 2008||0.43 million|
|AIDS deaths in 2008||2.0 million|
|Child AIDS deaths in 2008||0.28 million|
More than 25 million people have died of AIDS since 1981.
Africa has over 14 million AIDS orphans.
At the end of 2008, women accounted for 50% of all adults living with HIV worldwide
In developing and transitional countries, 9.5 million people are in immediate need of life-saving AIDS drugs; of these, only 4 million (42%) are receiving the drugs.The number of people living with HIV has risen from around 8 million in 1990 to 33 million today, and is still growing. Around 67% of people living with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa.
During 2008 more than two and a half million adults and children became infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS. By the end of the year, an estimated 33.4 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS. The year also saw two million deaths from AIDS, despite recent improvements in access to antiretroviral treatment.
AVERT.org has more about:
- UNAIDS (2009, November), 'AIDS epidemic update'
Last updated November 25, 2009